The policy of Russification is still strongly in place when it comes to Moscow’s dealings with its small Finno-Ugric ethnic groups, says an Estonian deputy. Finns can identify with this. Under the rule of the tsars, several attempts were made to ‘russify’ FInland, with minimal success. Estonians experienced the worst of Russian policies regarding displacement and exile of their people and language and the influx of Russians to replace them, during the Soviet years. These dangers still exist for the smaller Finno-Ugric ethnic groups within Russia today, many of whom are already witnessing the extinction of their language and culture. Under the Putin regime this process seems to be accelerating.