A great deal of research went into the writing of this book. The sources included not only accounts of the Winter War (in English and in Finnish), but also newspaper articles of the time and interviews with people who experienced the war as citizens, soldiers, evacuees, and war correspondents.  The author owes a great debt of gratitude to the following:


Paul Sjöblöm. Correspondent for the Associated Press during the Winter War.

Toini Virtanen. Member of Lotta Svard and Karelian evacuee.

Lauri Vesalainen. Grenade company, Muolaanjarvi, Karelian Isthmus; resident of Kotka.

Liisi Pöyry. Resident of Kotka.

News Articles:

Miller, Webb.   United Press reports:


Beattie, Edward W. Passport to War. Kingswood, 1943.

Citrine, Sir Walter. My Finnish Diary. London 1966.

Cowles, Virginia. Looking for Trouble. New York, 1941.

Elliston, H. B. Finland Fights. Boston, 1940.

Engle, Eloise, and Lauri Paananen. The Winter War. Harrisburg, 1973.

Erho, Kaarlo. Summa sotamiehen silmin. Porvoo 1958.

Geijer, B. G. Talvisodan Taipale. Helsinki 1955.

Julkunen, Martti. Talvisodan kuva. Forssa 1975.

Jylhä, Yrjö. Kiirastuli. 1941.

Palolampi, Erkki. Kollaa Kestää. Helsinki 1940.

Reinikainen, Alpo. Taipaleenjoen tulessa: Posliinipojan talvisota. Kirjayhtymä, 1980.

Sander, Gordon F. The Hundred Day Winter War, University of Kansas Press, 2013

Siilasvuo, Ensio et al. Talvisota Kronikka. Jyväskylä 1989.

Trotter, William.  A Frozen Hell: The Russo-Finnish War of 1939-40. Chapel Hill, 1991.

Cover Photo:  SAKuva, Finnish War Archives.

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